Glaucoma is a condition where fluid builds up inside the eye causing a rise in eye pressure resulting in permanent damage to the nerve of the eye which is the light sensitive part of the retina connecting the eye to the brain. Glaucoma is present more commonly in family members with a higher risk in people with near sightedness and more common as we get older.
The commonest type is Primary Open Angle glaucoma which develops gradually. It can also develop secondary to inflammation in the eye (uveitis) or in case of injury to the eye.
Glaucoma can be diagnosed and treated early by monitoring of eye pressure and using eye drops to control the pressure. Sometimes, filtration surgery may be required if the drops do not satisfactorily control the pressure to allow the draining of fluid outside the eye.